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cql.h

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/* $Id: cql.h,v 1.10 2004/11/01 20:13:02 adam Exp $
   Copyright (C) 2002-2004
   Index Data Aps

This file is part of the YAZ toolkit.

See the file LICENSE.
*/

/** \file cql.h
    \brief Header with public definitions about CQL.
*/

#ifndef CQL_H_INCLUDED
#define CQL_H_INCLUDED
#include <stdio.h>
#include <yaz/nmem.h>

YAZ_BEGIN_CDECL

/** CQL parser handle */
00022 typedef struct cql_parser *CQL_parser;

/**
 * Creates a CQL parser.
 * Returns CQL parser handle or NULL if parser could not be created.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT 
CQL_parser cql_parser_create(void);

/**
 * Destroys a CQL parser.
 *
 * This function does nothing if NULL if received.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT 
void cql_parser_destroy(CQL_parser cp);

/**
 * Parses a CQL string query.
 *
 * Returns 0 if on success; non-zero (error code) on failure.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT 
int cql_parser_string(CQL_parser cp, const char *str);

/**
 * Parses a CQL query - streamed query.
 *
 * This function is similar to cql_parser_string but takes a
 * functions to read each query character from a stream.
 *
 * The functions pointers getbytes, ungetbyte are similar to
 * that known from stdios getc, ungetc.
 *
 * Returns 0 if on success; non-zero (error code) on failure.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT 
int cql_parser_stream(CQL_parser cp,
                      int (*getbyte)(void *client_data),
                      void (*ungetbyte)(int b, void *client_data),
                      void *client_data);

/**
 * Parses a CQL query from a FILE handle.
 *
 * This function is similar to cql_parser_string but reads from 
 * stdio FILE handle instead.
 *
 * Returns 0 if on success; non-zero (error code) on failure.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
int cql_parser_stdio(CQL_parser cp, FILE *f);

/**
 * The node in a CQL parse tree. 
 */
00078 #define CQL_NODE_ST 1
#define CQL_NODE_BOOL 2
struct cql_node {
    /** node type */
    int which;
    union {
      /** which == CQL_NODE_ST */
        struct {
          /** CQL index */
            char *index;
          /** CQL index URI or NULL if no URI */
          char *index_uri;
          /** Search term */
            char *term;
          /** relation */
            char *relation;
          /** relation URL or NULL if no relation URI) */
          char *relation_uri;
          /** relation modifiers */
            struct cql_node *modifiers;
        } st;
      /** which == CQL_NODE_BOOL */
        struct {
            /** operator name "and", "or", ... */
            char *value;
          /** left operand */
            struct cql_node *left;
          /** right operand */ 
            struct cql_node *right;
          /** modifiers (NULL for no list) */
            struct cql_node *modifiers;
        } boolean;
    } u;
};

/**
 * Private structure that describes the CQL properties (profile)
 */
struct cql_properties;

/**
 * Structure used by cql_buf_write_handlre
 */
00121 struct cql_buf_write_info {
    int max;
    int off;
    char *buf;
};

/**
 * Handler for cql_buf_write_info *
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_buf_write_handler (const char *b, void *client_data);

/**
 * Prints a CQL node and all sub nodes. Hence this function
 * prints the parse tree which is as returned by cql_parser_result.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_node_print(struct cql_node *cn);

/**
 * This function creates a search clause node (st).
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
struct cql_node *cql_node_mk_sc(NMEM nmem, const char *index,
                                const char *relation, const char *term);

/**
 * This function applies a prefix+uri to "unresolved" index and relation
 * URIs.
 *
 * "unresolved" URIs are those nodes where member index_uri / relation_uri
 * is NULL.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
struct cql_node *cql_apply_prefix(NMEM nmem, struct cql_node *cn,
                          const char *prefix, const char *uri);

/**
 * This function creates a boolean node.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
struct cql_node *cql_node_mk_boolean(NMEM nmem, const char *op);

/**
 * Destroys a node and its children.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_node_destroy(struct cql_node *cn);

/**
 * Duplicate a node (returns a copy of supplied node) .
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
struct cql_node *cql_node_dup (NMEM nmem, struct cql_node *cp);

/**
 * This function returns the parse tree of the most recently parsed
 * CQL query.
 *
 * The function returns NULL if most recently parse failed.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
struct cql_node *cql_parser_result(CQL_parser cp);

/**
 * This function converts a CQL node tree to XCQL and writes the
 * resulting XCQL to a user-defined output stream.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_to_xml(struct cql_node *cn, 
                void (*pr)(const char *buf, void *client_data),
                void *client_data);
/**
 * This function converts a CQL node tree to XCQL and writes the
 * resulting XCQL to a FILE handle (stdio) 
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_to_xml_stdio(struct cql_node *cn, FILE *f);

/**
 * This function converts a CQL node tree to XCQL and writes
 * the resulting XCQL to a buffer 
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
int cql_to_xml_buf(struct cql_node *cn, char *out, int max);

/**
 * Utility function that prints to a FILE.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_fputs(const char *buf, void *client_data);

/**
 * The CQL transform handle. The transform describes how to
 * convert from CQL to PQF (Type-1 AKA RPN).
 */
00217 typedef struct cql_transform_t_ *cql_transform_t;

/**
 * Creates a CQL transform handle. The transformation spec is read from
 * a FILE handle (which is assumed opened in read mode).
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
cql_transform_t cql_transform_open_FILE (FILE *f);

/**
 * Creates a CQL transform handle. The transformation spec is read from
 * a file with the filename given.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
cql_transform_t cql_transform_open_fname(const char *fname);

/**
 * Destroys a CQL transform handle.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_transform_close(cql_transform_t ct);

/**
 * Performs a CQL transform to PQF given a CQL node tree and a CQL
 * transformation handle. The result is written to a user-defined stream.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
void cql_transform_pr(cql_transform_t ct,
                      struct cql_node *cn,
                      void (*pr)(const char *buf, void *client_data),
                      void *client_data);

/**
 * Performs a CQL transform to PQF given a CQL node tree and a CQL
 * transformation handle. The result is written to a file specified by
 * FILE handle (which must be opened for writing).
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
int cql_transform_FILE(cql_transform_t ct,
                       struct cql_node *cn, FILE *f);

/**
 * Performs a CQL transform to PQF given a CQL node tree and a CQL
 * transformation handle. The result is written to a buffer. 
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
int cql_transform_buf(cql_transform_t ct,
                      struct cql_node *cn, char *out, int max);
/**
 * Returns error code and additional information from last transformation.
 * Performs a CQL transform given a CQL node tree and a CQL transformation.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
int cql_transform_error(cql_transform_t ct, const char **addinfo);

/**
 * Returns the CQL message corresponding to a given error code.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
const char *cql_strerror(int code);

/**
 * Returns the standard CQL context set URI.
 */
YAZ_EXPORT
const char *cql_uri();

YAZ_END_CDECL

#endif
/* CQL_H_INCLUDED */

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